Black bear mating season occurs during the summer, but the embryos do not begin to develop until the mother bear enters her den. Cubs are born in the middle of the winter denning period, usually between mid-January and early February. Cubs are born tiny, helpless, and hairless, weighing less than half a pound.
How old are black bears when they have babies?
Cubs grow very quickly and they weigh about 80 pounds by the time they are one year old. Young bears between the ages of one and two years old are called yearlings. Young bears stay with their mother for about one and a half years.
How often do black bears give birth?
A female black bear can produce a litter of up to five cubs every 2 years. The average number of cubs is 2 or 3. In Minnesota, 2.5 is average. Cubs are born in January or February.
Do bears recognize their mothers?
They recognize the sow they mated with and the sow that they spent three years with as a cub. Mom isn’t always easy on cubs and corrects them. However they grow up with a healthy respect for their moms. The respect can last a life time.
Can bears give birth while hibernating?
Cubs are usually born within the first two months of hibernation. Cubs and their mothers stay in their dens for the rest of the winter while the mother bear rests and the cubs nurse and grow.